Plastic lasts for a very long time - it’s a pity we don’t use it that way though! Of all the plastic manufactured, as much as 40% is cheap, mass-produced plastic packaging that is discarded after just one use. Although it is sometimes unavoidable, there are some practical steps you can take to minimise the amount of plastic packaging that comes your way.
What can I do?
The steps to tackling plastic packaging are quite similar to those we followed in Pledge #3 - but with a little more forward planning required (for now). We know that there are some products that are nearly impossible to purchase without some form of packaging - here are some practical tips to help!
At the grocery store:
- Prioritise loose fruit and vegetables, products packaged in glass, paper and cardboard and shop in your store's plastic-free section if it has one.
- If you need to bag loose produce, take your own reusable mesh bag - most grocers will put a sticker on it as long as it is thin enough that the neck can be closed to avoid tampering.
- Get organised - bring your own container when going to your local butcher or deli (assuming you aren't giving meat a skip for Pledge #10), and ask your butcher to put it in your own container. It's a good idea to build a relationship with stores that you know support your sustainable habits!
- Get your fresh bread sliced rather than buying pre-sliced bread – it is tastier, fresher, and cheaper!
- If a product is not available without plastic packaging, consider buying it in the largest bulk container possible - often these have proportionally less plastic, and the larger piece of packaging is also more easily sorted for recycling.
- Remember to check if the plastic you are forced to accept is locally recyclable!
When buying online:
- Choose retailers that you know have reduced the over-packaging of their goods. It's a matter of pride - if they are making efforts to be sustainable, they will brag about it so you won't need to look far.
- Opt for no plastic bags. Some retailers have this option already built-in, but you can also mention it as a special request.
- Online stores pay closer attention to their online reviews than many brick-and-mortar outlets, so use reviews and social media as a way to tell them you aren't satisfied with the amount of packaging a product arrived in.
- Remember to cut a loop - box bands and packaging tape that may arrive with your parcel are not recyclable and are an entanglement hazard for animals. Cut them up into small pieces before disposing them or eco-bricking them.
When buying takeaways:
- Choose to support businesses that serve food in cardboard or paper packaging if possible.
- Bring your own container when purchasing lunch or take-aways.
Why does it matter?
Twenty years of longitudinal beach studies in South Africa have shown that 94% of all litter found on beaches is plastic, of which a staggering 77% is packaging. That, along with poor waste management systems, results in much of the plastic ending up in the environment and overflowing landfills. And 8 million tonnes of it annually ends up in our ocean.
Disposable packaging is the number one use of plastic - over 150 million tons are produced every year, well over 40% of all plastic. However, because packaging spends such a short amount of time "in use", compared to some of plastic's other applications, packaging actually makes up more than half of the total global plastic waste generated. Furthermore, the fact that many types of plastic packaging, particularly films used for bags and wraps, are light and difficult to recycle, they are more prone to entering the environment as pollutants - which is why packaging is so commonly seen as beach litter.
Myth-busting: Pre-packaged fruit and vegetables are better
There are two incorrect myths about fruit and vegetable packaging - that packaging makes it last longer (it doesn't, and actually often shortens shelf life), and that it is more hygienic (you must wash your produce anyway!). While it is certainly true that a bag of pre-chopped salad might be more convenient, or that an individually wrapped cucumber is less likely to be bruised, these factors are preferences, not necessities.
Side note: Let’s talk about "ugly" produce. This is fruit and vegetables that don’t look 100% like we think they should, but are actually perfectly fine to consume. So, the carrot with the extra bit of carrot growing out of its side, or the apple with the dent in its peel, are considered “ugly”. Unpackaged produce not only puts less plastic into the waste stream, it also gives you the opportunity to choose the “ugly” produce and not let this food go to waste - up to 20% of all food waste is generated before food ever leaves the farm, so letting farmers know there is a market for produce that isn't "pretty" is a handy bonus of skipping packaging.
We don't know about you, but we want to know what we're buying. With prepackaged fruit and vegetables, you don't have that choice. How many times have you arrived at home, just to find that the oranges at the bottom of the bag have gone bad? Choosing your fruit and veg from unpackaged stock, gives you the power to decide what you want to buy.
Who can I follow?
We could tell you about how certain large retailers have started implementing plastic-free aisles or that there are a number of awesome niche zero-waste stores you could support - but, the reality is that for this to become a sustainable habit, you need to identify the stores you can easily do your shopping at that allow you to skip the plastic packaging. Often that just means finding the store nearest to you with a really big produce section!
Take the 28 Day Challenge! Make your Ocean Pledge!
This post is part of the #28DayOceanPledgeChallenge! You can find the other 27 posts and challenges on the Two Oceans Aquarium website, or by signing up for the Challenge newsletter below to receive one challenge a day for 28 days: