What's better than rescuing a distressed sea turtle? Not needing to.

When a sea turtle accidentally eats plastic pollution, is tangled in discarded fishing gear, or faces the effects of a shifting climate, it falls on humans to help. Unfortunately, human intervention is expensive, and we can only help the turtles that are lucky enough to be stumbled upon by a good samaritan.

Distressed sea turtles, like Moya (who was successfully rehabilitated), can only be saved if they are lucky enough to be found by caring humans. But, wouldn't be better if they didn't need rescue in the first place? Credit: Janet Byrne.

A rescue like this triggers a long and expensive recovery mission so that the turtle can eventually return to its ocean home healthy, but is this really the most effective way to save a turtle's life? Unfortunately not - the most effective way to help turtles is by preventing those human-made hazards from ever affecting their habitats in the first place.

Working with fantastic partners, like Consol Glass, the Aquarium and Two Oceans Aquarium Education Foundation are able to create awareness around the issues that negatively impact our oceans - like microplastic!

Telling stories

Rescued sea turtles are incredible animal ambassadors, and their stories are powerful resources to inspire people to create a better world - the most important part of our mission. (Although, we'd rather have an ocean full of healthy turtles without interesting stories, but for now, we hope the resilient survivors we encounter can make an impact!)

When Yoshi the loggerhead turtle was released, literally millions of people followed her almost three-year journey from South Africa to Australia. The awareness of the interconnectedness of our ocean that this created has been invaluable to international sea turtle conservation.

Sea turtles in particular have some great traits as ambassadors that truly make their stories valuable, and not simply "fluff" pieces. Here are a few reasons:

A single tiny piece of plastic in the ocean is enough to kill a tiny hatchling. These endangered turtles already face low survival odds, but human impacts have made the situation unsustainable for their species. Credit: Martine Viljoen/Two Oceans Aquarium Education Foundation
  • Turtles are indicator species. Because they traverse a wide area of ocean, turtles are impacted by the same factors that affect more obscure habitats. Thus the health of sea turtles is a reflection of the health of the ocean overall.
  • The most visible issues that affect the sea turtles washing up on the Western Cape shores are also issues that everyday people can have an effect on at home - plastic pollution, ghost fishing gear, and climate change.
  • Although stories are touching, we need more than anecdotes to motivate change. Fortunately (or unfortunately ), sea turtle rescues are common enough that we can collect useful data from hundreds of specimens. So, while the story of Bob pooping out party decorations could be misconstrued as a once-off incident, the fact that almost three quarters of all the turtles arriving at our rehabilitation facility have ingested plastic is a fact strong enough to motivate change.
  • Sea turtles are charismatic - everybody loves turtles, that's a fact. Human psychology is something we have to contend with, and having a loveable animal as an ambassador does make a difference. There's a reason WWF's logo is a panda and not a saiga.

What impact does awareness have?

If the millions of people that are exposed to these stories by visiting the Aquarium, seeing them on social media, or reading about them in the news make a change, it adds up. Even if a million people make a big change, we can change government policy - and thus the world. If a million people only make a small change, like saying "no" to plastic straws, it adds up too. After all, it literally only takes a single piece of plastic to kill an endangered sea turtle. Either way, the benefits of story sharing are immeasurable.

Nobody chooses to pollute the ocean - by creating awareness, people become aware of their impacts and become part of the force that creates societal change.

We believe that most people are inherently good, and that behaviours, buying practices and habits that are bad for the environment generally come from ignorance, lack of alternatives, and lack of access to alternatives. If properly informed about how their lives affect the oceans, we believe most people would choose the options that do not have a harmful impact. In this sense, small, convenient changes like refusing plastic drinking straws can be immediately effective, and by applying consumer and voter pressure for greater affordability and convenience, options like paper shopping bags, meat alternatives and better wastewater treatment become a reality for more people.

In truth, the one plastic shopping bag you refuse, the sanitary products you dispose of in a bin rather than flushing, or the paper party décor you chose could all be directly saving an endangered sea animal. After all, it was one person's shopping bag that choked Alvi, one person's balloon that almost killed Bob, one person's balloon that blocked up this hatchling, and one person's water bottle that almost choked this one.

One person does make a difference.

Helping to create awareness

With the support of incredible partners like Consol Glass and the V&A Waterfront, the Two Oceans Aquarium Education Foundation is able to tackle both these roles - being hands-on turtle rescuers, and ocean education ambassadors.

Every person (even little ones) that learns to empathise with and understand the plight of marine species is an ally in saving our precious ocean habitats.

While our non-profit work through the Aquarium Foundation is dependant on generous donors, the real work of saving our oceans depends on you!

Want to support the turtle rescue team? Help out here.

Credit: Martine Viljoen/Two Oceans Aquarium Education Foundation

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