Browse All Species

Marine fish

Southern mullet Liza richardsonii

Mullet occur in dense shoals off the rocky shores and sandy beaches of the southern and western Cape coast. They spawn during spring in shallow waters and tend to frequent estuaries as nursery areas. Instead of a stomach, these… Read more

Freshwater fish

Common carp (alien) Cyprinus carpio

Naturally occurring in Central Asia and parts of Europe, common carp are now found in many parts of the world.  Like most other alien species, they are hardy and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, thriving in dams and large… Read more

Reptiles

Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta

The loggerhead turtle, which is the most common in southern Africa, has a reddish-brown carapace and a hooked beak.  Adults reach a maximum mass of 125kg and measure up to 1.2m in length.  Loggerheads feed predominantly on sea… Read more

Amphibians

Western leopard toad Amietophrynus pantherinus

The Western leopard toad uses camouflage to blend into its environment and hide from predators. The Western Cape is the only place in the world where you will find Western leopard toads. They live in natural vegetation, on… Read more

Marine invertebrates

Moon jellyfish Aurelia aurita

Named for their ghostly, transparent bells, moon jellies have short tentacles that are armed with stinging cells, or “nematocysts”.  Fortunately their sting lacks the toxic, painful punch of other jellies. Although they’re 95%… Read more

Birds

Rockhopper penguin Eudyptes chrysocome

Meet our rockhopper penguins Rockhopper penguins are the smallest of the crested penguin species. They live on rocky, inaccessible coasts. Due to their incredible jumping ability, they are recognised as “mountaineers”… Read more

Microscopic life

Plankton

Life depends on plankton. Plankton is made up of microscopic plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton). Zooplankton feed on phytoplankton and drift with the currents. Plankton are very important in the marine food chain.… Read more