Browse All Species

Marine fish

Honeycomb moray eel Gymnothorax favagineus

Many people are frightened of eels because of they look and and move like snakes. Eels are not snakes – they are actually fish and live in holes or caves and are highly territorial. They will defend their cave from intruders and… Read more

Freshwater fish

Common carp (alien) Cyprinus carpio

Naturally occurring in Central Asia and parts of Europe, common carp are now found in many parts of the world.  Like most other alien species, they are hardy and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, thriving in dams and large… Read more


Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta

The loggerhead turtle, which is the most common in southern Africa, has a reddish-brown carapace and a hooked beak.  Adults reach a maximum mass of 125kg and measure up to 1.2m in length.  Loggerheads feed predominantly on sea… Read more


Western leopard toad Amietophrynus pantherinus

The Western leopard toad uses camouflage to blend into its environment and hide from predators. The Western Cape is the only place in the world where you will find Western leopard toads. They live in natural vegetation, on… Read more

Marine invertebrates

Giant red hermit crab Dardanus megistos

Giant red hermit crabs are spectacular creatures, but rarely seen. Most hermit crabs live in rock pools and can often be seen scurrying up and down beaches. These animals have soft bodies, which are protected by the shells in… Read more


Cape bulbul Pycnonotus capensis

Found only in the southwestern Cape, north to the mouth of the Orange River and east along the Sundays River in the Eastern Cape, the Cape bulbul lives among taller fynbos, coastal and riverine shrub and in alien trees such as… Read more

Microscopic life


Life depends on plankton. Plankton is made up of microscopic plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton). Zooplankton feed on phytoplankton and drift with the currents. Plankton are very important in the marine food chain.… Read more