Browse All Species

Marine fish

Puffadder shyshark Haploblepharus edwardsii

These shysharks are similar in colour and markings to puff adder snakes. Puffadder shysharks are oviparous and produce up to two egg cases (Mermaid’s purses) at a time.  The juveniles hatch several months later, at 10cm in… Read more

Freshwater fish

Common carp (alien) Cyprinus carpio

Naturally occurring in Central Asia and parts of Europe, common carp are now found in many parts of the world.  Like most other alien species, they are hardy and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, thriving in dams and large… Read more


Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta

The loggerhead turtle, which is the most common in southern Africa, has a reddish-brown carapace and a hooked beak.  Adults reach a maximum mass of 125kg and measure up to 1.2m in length.  Loggerheads feed predominantly on sea… Read more


Western leopard toad Amietophrynus pantherinus

The Western leopard toad uses camouflage to blend into its environment and hide from predators. The Western Cape is the only place in the world where you will find Western leopard toads. They live in natural vegetation, on… Read more

Marine invertebrates

Box jellyfish Carybdea alata

Box jellies are found off the west coast of South Africa and are often encountered in swarms by scuba divers. These jellies have strong tentacles armed with thousands of stinging cells called “nematocysts”. These cells are used… Read more


Cape bulbul Pycnonotus capensis

Found only in the southwestern Cape, north to the mouth of the Orange River and east along the Sundays River in the Eastern Cape, the Cape bulbul lives among taller fynbos, coastal and riverine shrub and in alien trees such as… Read more

Microscopic life


Life depends on plankton. Plankton is made up of microscopic plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton). Zooplankton feed on phytoplankton and drift with the currents. Plankton are very important in the marine food chain.… Read more