Browse All Species

Marine fish

Knysna seahorse Hippocampus capensis

There are 30 to 40 different kinds of seahorses, but only five of these have been seen around the southern African coastline. The Knysna seahorse is the best known, and is the only seahorse that is endangered. Knysna seahorses… Read more

Freshwater fish

Common carp (alien) Cyprinus carpio

Naturally occurring in Central Asia and parts of Europe, common carp are now found in many parts of the world.  Like most other alien species, they are hardy and can tolerate a wide range of conditions, thriving in dams and large… Read more

Reptiles

Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta

The loggerhead turtle, which is the most common in southern Africa, has a reddish-brown carapace and a hooked beak.  Adults reach a maximum mass of 125kg and measure up to 1.2m in length.  Loggerheads feed predominantly on sea… Read more

Amphibians

Western leopard toad Amietophrynus pantherinus

The Western leopard toad uses camouflage to blend into its environment and hide from predators. The Western Cape is the only place in the world where you will find Western leopard toads. They live in natural vegetation, on… Read more

Marine invertebrates

Palmate sea fan Leptogorgia palma

Sea fans are related to soft corals. They look like small trees, but they are actually colonies of animals (polyps) living together in the shape of a fan. Each polyp has eight feathery tentacles.  When the polyps come out to… Read more

Birds

Cape bulbul Pycnonotus capensis

Found only in the southwestern Cape, north to the mouth of the Orange River and east along the Sundays River in the Eastern Cape, the Cape bulbul lives among taller fynbos, coastal and riverine shrub and in alien trees such as… Read more

Microscopic life

Plankton

Life depends on plankton. Plankton is made up of microscopic plants (phytoplankton) and animals (zooplankton). Zooplankton feed on phytoplankton and drift with the currents. Plankton are very important in the marine food chain.… Read more