Soles have compressed, asymmetrical bodies with both eyes on the same side of the head.

They are found in temperate and tropical oceans around the world. There are about 13 known species of sole in southern African waters.

Soles are:

  • Right-eyed flatfishes – both eyes are found on the right side of the body.
  • A sluggish, bottom-dwelling species.
  • Camouflage artists – they are sandy coloured and blend into the sand. They also burrow beneath the sand.

Zebra soles have poison glands at the base of each fin ray. If they are attacked, the poison is powerful enough to make the predator release it immediately.

Soles are a popular eating fish.

Soles get their name from solea – which means sandal or sole of the foot.

SASSI status: East coast sole is Orange


Species Facts

  • Right-eyed flatfishes – both eyes are found on the right side of the body
  • Sluggish, bottom-dwelling species
  • Camouflage artists